Italian National Energy and Climate Plan: objectives and expectations

National Energy and Climate Plan

Italy is one of the countries that are most committed to pursuing the objectives that aim to environment protection, energy security, and the reduction of polluting and climate-changing emissions laid down by the European Union. Called upon to draw up a proposal for the 2030 National Energy and Climate Plan, Italy has created an ambitious strategy that will allow the country to contribute in a massive way to the achievement of the goals set by the Energy Union. The protagonists of this project, which will bring benefits at a global level, are citizens and businesses.

The NECP or National Plan for Energy and Climate for the period 2021-2030 has been created by a team of policymakers and technicians who are part of MATTM, GSE, MiSE, ENEA MIT, RSE, ARERA, ISPRA and Politecnico di Milano, real authorities on energy and energy efficiency.

The objectives of the Italian NECP

The first part of the 2030 National Energy and Climate Plan deals with the target that Italy aims to reach in terms of renewable energy, emissions and energy efficiency. The forecasts made by technicians in the energy field demand are encouraging: according to the experts consulted, in fact, as much as 30% of gross final consumption will be covered by renewable sources by 2030. The industrial sectors will contribute differently to the achievement of the target. In the electricity segment, 55.4% will be achieved, in transport 21.6% and in heating 33%.

Another issue addressed in the Italian NECP is energy efficiency. In this case, specialists have estimated a reduction in primary energy consumption of 43% and final energy of 39.7% compared to what was reported in the PRIMES 2007 energy plan.

The National Energy and Climate Plan for the period 2021-2030 also deals with emissions. In this case, the target is a 33% reduction in greenhouse gases for all sectors not covered by the ETS.

Finally, the 2030 National Energy and Climate Plan introduces the SEA, or Strategic Environmental Assessment, which aims to examine the environmental impact of the plan in 2019 to demonstrate that the fight against climate change for Italy is a concrete commitment.

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